Some notable New York City public high schools are located in Manhattan, including Beacon High School, Stuyvesant High School, Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School, High School of Fashion Industries, Eleanor Roosevelt High School, NYC Lab School, Manhattan Center for Science and Mathematics, Hunter College High School, and High School for Math, Science and Engineering at City College. Streets in Midtown are usually one-way, with the few exceptions generally being the busiest cross-town thoroughfares (14th, 23rd, 34th, and 42nd Streets, for example), which are bidirectional across the width of Manhattan Island. [149] Washington Heights is a primary destination for immigrants from the Dominican Republic. [212] In 2017, a multibillion-dollar rebuilding plan was unveiled to restore the historic grandeur of Penn Station, in the process of upgrading the landmark's status as a critical transportation hub. CUNY senior colleges located in Manhattan include: Baruch College, City College of New York, Hunter College, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, and the CUNY Graduate Center (graduate studies and doctorate granting institution). Manhattan witnessed the doubling of the natural gas supply delivered to the borough when a new gas pipeline opened on November 1, 2013.[406]. Ticker-tape parades celebrating championships won by sports teams as well as other heroic accomplishments march northward along the Canyon of Heroes on Broadway from Bowling Green to City Hall Park in Lower Manhattan. In 1883, the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge established a road connection to Brooklyn, across the East River. To satisfy its growing population, the City of New York acquired land in adjacent Westchester County and constructed the old Croton Aqueduct system there, which went into service in 1842 and was superseded by the new Croton Aqueduct, which opened in 1890. What will your new littleManhattan be like? [142][143] and NoMad ("NOrth of MADison Square Park"). As the stock market soared in the days before the Wall Street Crash of 1929, two developers publicly competed for the crown. Chronologies of the American Mosaic, Phillip White Native Americans: A Thematic Unit on Converging Cultures. [242] As of October 2014, New York City hosted 300,000 employees in the tech sector,[236] with a significant proportion in Manhattan. [306] The New York Knicks started play in 1946 as one of the National Basketball Association's original teams, playing their first home games at the 69th Regiment Armory, before making Madison Square Garden their permanent home. [69] The military center for the colonists was established in New Jersey. Proposals in the mid-1900s to build express roads through the city's densest neighborhoods, namely the Mid-Manhattan Expressway and Lower Manhattan Expressway, did not go forward. [100] While a resurgence in the financial industry greatly improved the city's economic health in the 1980s, New York's crime rate continued to increase through the decade and into the beginning of the 1990s.[101]. [98][99], In the 1970s, job losses due to industrial restructuring caused New York City, including Manhattan, to suffer from economic problems and rising crime rates. After arriving in New York, many new arrivals ended up living in squalor in the slums of the Five Points neighborhood, an area between Broadway and the Bowery, northeast of New York City Hall. Since 2010, Manhattan's population was estimated by the Census Bureau to have increased 2.7% to 1,628,706 as of 2018[update], representing 19.5% of New York City's population of 8,336,817 and 8.4% of New York State's population of 19,745,289. Since 2001, most of Lower Manhattan has been restored, although there has been controversy surrounding the rebuilding. [378] In February 2015, Mayor Bill de Blasio announced that the city government would begin NYC Ferry to extend ferry transportation to traditionally underserved communities in the city. The New York City Subway, the largest subway system in the world by number of stations, is the primary means of travel within the city, linking every borough except Staten Island. [262] NY1, Time Warner Cable's local news channel, is known for its beat coverage of City Hall and state politics. [109], On October 29 and 30, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused extensive destruction in the borough, ravaging portions of Lower Manhattan with record-high storm surge from New York Harbor,[110] severe flooding, and high winds, causing power outages for hundreds of thousands of city residents[111] and leading to gasoline shortages[112] and disruption of mass transit systems. Con Edison's electric business traces its roots back to Thomas Edison's Edison Electric Illuminating Company, the first investor-owned electric utility. The stadium was demolished in 2002 to make way for the $45 million, 4,754-seat Icahn Stadium, which includes an Olympic-standard 400-meter running track and, as part of Pelé's and the Cosmos' legacy, includes a FIFA-approved floodlit soccer stadium that hosts matches between the 48 youth teams of a Manhattan soccer club.[314][315]. [295] The "Big Apple" dates back to the 1920s, when a reporter heard the term used by New Orleans stablehands to refer to New York City's horse racetracks and named his racing column "Around The Big Apple". Central Park, which opened to the public in 1858, became the first landscaped public park in an American city. Welcome to Little Australia in New York City", "How Far from True North are the Avenues of Manhattan? [401] US Helicopter offered regularly scheduled helicopter service connecting the Downtown Manhattan Heliport with John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens and Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey, before going out of business in 2009.[402]. [7] The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; as well as several small adjacent islands. [26] The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to America by ship in the late 19th century[27] and is a world symbol of the United States and its ideals of liberty and peace. Fifth Avenue roughly bisects Manhattan Island and acts as the demarcation line for east/west designations (e.g., East 27th Street, West 42nd Street); street addresses start at Fifth Avenue and increase heading away from Fifth Avenue, at a rate of 100 per block on most streets. [94][95], The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan. 7 World Trade Center collapsed due to fires and structural damage caused by heavy debris falling from the collapse of the Twin Towers. [304][305], The first national college-level basketball championship, the National Invitation Tournament, was held in New York in 1938 and remains in the city. [30][178], In 2006, the New York City Department of City Planning projected that Manhattan's population would increase by 289,000 people between 2000 and 2030, an increase of 18.8% over the period. [292][293] The expression "melting pot" was first popularly coined to describe the densely populated immigrant neighborhoods on the Lower East Side in Israel Zangwill's play The Melting Pot, which was an adaptation of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet set by Zangwill in New York City in 1908. The Upper East Side has many art galleries,[280][281] and the downtown neighborhood of Chelsea is known for its more than 200 art galleries that are home to modern art from both upcoming and established artists. [155] Since 2010, a Little Australia has emerged and is growing in Nolita, Lower Manhattan.[156]. [98][288] Multiple gay villages have developed, spanning the length of the borough from the Lower East Side, East Village, and Greenwich Village, through Chelsea and Hell's Kitchen, uptown to Morningside Heights. [70][71] British occupation lasted until November 25, 1783, when George Washington returned to Manhattan, as the last British forces left the city. Manhattan real estate has since become among the most expensive in the world, with the value of Manhattan Island, including real estate, estimated to exceed US$3 trillion in 2013;[7][19] median residential property sale prices in Manhattan approximated US$1,600 per square foot ($17,000/m2) as of 2018,[20] with Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan commanding the highest retail rents in the world, at US$3,000 per square foot ($32,000/m2) per year in 2017.[21]. [348], The rise of immigration near the turn of the 20th century left major portions of Manhattan, especially the Lower East Side, densely packed with recent arrivals, crammed into unhealthy and unsanitary housing. [321], The Democratic Party holds most public offices. Origin of Manhattansee Manhattan a member of a North American Indian people, speaking an Algonquian language, that formerly lived on Manhattan Island 2. There are several intermittent avenues east of First Avenue, including four additional lettered avenues running from Avenue A eastward to Avenue D in an area now known as Alphabet City in Manhattan's East Village. [79] The Commissioners' Plan of 1811 laid out the island of Manhattan in its familiar grid plan. Purchased from the Canarsie Indians for 60 guilders, or $23.70, Manhattan Island, is now worth more than $60 billion. Manhattan Island is bounded by the Hudson River to the west and the East River to the east. The 843-acre (3.41 km2) Central Park, the largest park comprising 30% of Manhattan's parkland, is bordered on the north by West 110th Street (Central Park North), on the west by Eighth Avenue (Central Park West), on the south by West 59th Street (Central Park South), and on the east by Fifth Avenue. Learn about nautical flags and see your name or message written in nautical flags, on the Manhattan in Nautical Flags page. ]. These intense war-time riots are counted among the worst incidents of civil disorder in American history, with an estimated 119 participants and passersby massacred.[83]. [276], Manhattan has been the scene of many important American cultural movements. A tribe of the Wappinger confederacy that occupied Manhattan Island and the east bank of Hudson river and shore of Long Island Sound, in Westchester County, New York.. [244] In 2011, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg had announced his choice of Cornell University and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology to build a US$2 billion graduate school of applied sciences on Roosevelt Island, Manhattan, with the goal of transforming New York City into the world's premier technology capital. [182], According to the 2009 American Community Survey,[183] the average household size was 2.11, and the average family size was 3.21. [320] It is also the home of New York City Hall, the seat of New York City government housing the Mayor of New York City and the New York City Council. They did not wear feathers on their caps as did some of the other tribes but shaved their heads leaving a ridge of hair standing upright like a cock's comb from the forehead to the nape of the neck. [179] However, since then, Lower Manhattan has been experiencing a baby boom, well above the overall birth rate in Manhattan, with the area south of Canal Street witnessing 1,086 births in 2010, 12% greater than 2009 and over twice the number born in 2001. Many districts and landmarks in Manhattan are well known, as New York City received a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017,[36] and Manhattan hosts three of the world's 10 most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, and Grand Central Terminal. The figure of 60 guilders comes from a letter by a representative of the Dutch Estates General and member of the board of the Dutch West India Company, Pieter Janszoon Schagen, to the Estates General in November 1626. Learn more. American structural engineer Theodore Cooper had designed the Quebec Bridge, a cantilevered truss bridge that would extend 3,220 feet across the St. Lawrence River above Quebec City. The annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is the world's largest parade,[290] beginning alongside Central Park and processing southward to the flagship Macy's Herald Square store;[299] the parade is viewed on telecasts worldwide and draws millions of spectators in person. 13½ miles (22 km) long; 2½ miles (4 km) greatest width; 22¼ sq. In 1625, construction was started on the citadel of Fort Amsterdam on Manhattan Island, later called New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam), in what is now Lower Manhattan. For other uses, see, Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States, Borough and county in New York, United States, American Revolution and the early United States, United States presidential election results for New York County, New York. Manhattan traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan; the post was named New Amsterdam in 1626. [150][151] Koreatown is roughly bounded by 6th and Madison Avenues,[152][153][154] between 31st and 33rd Streets, where Hangul (한글) signage is ubiquitous. The term uptown also refers to the northern part of Manhattan above 72nd Street and downtown to the southern portion below 14th Street,[158] with Midtown covering the area in between, though definitions can be rather fluid depending on the situation. Plays and musicals are staged in one of the 39 larger professional theatres with at least 500 seats, almost all in and around Times Square. [209], In 1961, the Pennsylvania Railroad unveiled plans to tear down the old Penn Station and replace it with a new Madison Square Garden and office building complex. Place names, including half of the 50 U.S. states, were taken from Native Americans. 1918, I.N. [2] The northern segment of Upper Manhattan represents a geographic panhandle. manhattan definition: 1. a type of alcoholic drink: 2. a type of alcoholic drink: . [403] Con Edison operates the world's largest district steam system, which consists of 105 miles (169 km) of steam pipes, providing steam for heating, hot water, and air conditioning[404] by some 1,800 Manhattan customers. In the distance, the World Trade Center buildings burn, and then crash to the ground. Branding the last unnamed neighborhood in Manhattan. [161] The city lies in the USDA 7b plant hardiness zone. mi. People of Irish ancestry make up 7.8% of the population, while Italian Americans make up 6.8% of the population. In this interview, he discusses the geological history of the Hanford area and the Native American tribes that have lived in the area for thousands of years. The name Manhattan is of Native American Lenape origin.