Some plants have beauty benefits as well as medicinal uses. These flowers also made a nice addition to any salad or soup. Farmers and researchers in Washington state are beginning to tap the sweet potential of the much-maligned bigleaf maple tree. It was called “paddle tree” by many tribes. Randall, Warren. A slow-growing native of eastern North America, the tree can grow to about 100 feet tall, often with a nearly equal spread. Wild Harvests Blog. The flowers are full of sweet nectar that pollinators and people relish. Blend a batter a little thinner than you would if making pancake batter, dip the flower clusters, and let the excess drip off before you put them in the pan. The lumber has been used by our people to create dishes, pipes and paddles. Create an Account - Increase your productivity, customize your experience, and engage in information you care about. Modern Uses: Big Leaf Maple is not highly valued as lumber material; it is often intentionally knocked over and left in place when stands of redwood and Douglas Fir are commercially harvested. The syrup is similar to eastern sugar maple syrup but has a more delicate earthy flavor. The inner bark was used to make baskets and ropes. Try both savory flavors like rosemary or garlic or sweet flavors like vanilla and cinnamon. Medicinal Uses: Historically, the Klallam (Lower Elwha Klallam and S'Klallam) would infuse the bark for sore throats. I am still not sure if they were foraging or just having fun. Reaching up to a foot in width the name Acer Macrophyllum literally translates to “maple large leaf.” Big Leaf Maple bark is rich in calcium and moisture and therefore hosts a community of epiphytic plants. My friend Jennifer Hahn recently served waffles with big leaf maple syrup and salal apple butter that still makes me smile. View fullsize. Leaf oil was used to treat earaches and sores and to prevent allergies in the spring; it was also used to relieve colitis and ulcers. Preston, Richard. Underneath its massive canopy you’ll find lichens, mosses, and most likely Licorice Fern growing out from the trunk and limbs. Place 4-5 in the pan at a time. The maple tree makes one the best shade trees ever. The towering branches arched like a cathedral ceiling and I was suddenly in the presence of something much bigger. Seattle, Skipstone. The Klallam People infused the bark for sore throats and turberculosis. Abe Lloyd from the Salal, The Cascadian Food Institute, just posted an excellent blog at http://arcadianabe.blogspot.com/2013/02/bigleaf-maple-syrup.html. Learn how Bigleaf can help you ensure resilient and reliable application performance, no matter where you are on your Cloud journey. Maple Flooring. Growth: Big-Leaf Maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly as it ages. Common Uses: Veneer, paper (pulpwood), boxes, crates/pallets, musical instruments, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items. Women used an infusion of the plant for pain after childbirth (Karok). Bigleaf maple is … However Western Bigleaf Maple is one of the dominant native tree species here in the valley, and it has its own interesting story to tell. Comments: Bigleaf maple is appropriately named, as its leaves (illustrated below) are the largest of any maple, commonly reaching an overall width of 6 … Mooreman, Daniel E. Native American Ethnobotany. Its giant moss-covered branches made it easy to climb and led to a nook that was a perfect spot to sit and ponder my changing world. Health benefits of maple leaves. Acer macrophyllum, the bigleaf maple or Oregon maple, is a large deciduous tree in the genus Acer. Pacific Feast. 1/2 teaspoon baking powder You can’t have Fall in the PNW without the Big Leaf Maple! Big Leaf Maple flowers are also edible, and have been known to be made into fritter treats. In addition, the maple syrup and maple sugar are two very important extractions that are very popular worldwide. Big leaf maple has been a highly valued tree throughout the ages. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Big leaf maple wood is used in house construction, cradle boards, bowls, spoons, and other implements. The uses of maple wood will differ, depending on your project and the type of maple wood you have at your disposal. It is in flower from May to June. 1/2 cup flour Big leaf Maple Medicinal use. in DBH (133 in. Medicinal: The wood was burnt to charcoal and mixed with water and brown sugar then used in the Identifying Big Leaf Maple: As I think of big leaf maple several strong characteristics come to mind. One spring, I stood under the massive canopy, a golden rain of pollen falling around me. ¼ cup milk (cow, rice, almond, or even water if you do not have milk) The leaves make wonderful incense and are used in smudging for purification. In March and early April, big leaf maple trees produce so many flowers that they turn the hillsides golden. The Bigleaf maple is botanically called Acer macrophyllum. The young bark is green and smooth, while the older bark becomes ridged and gray-brown colored. My friend Benjamin Pixie of Pixie Honey first introduced me to our local maple flower honey. Medicinal Uses: Historically, the Klallam (Lower Elwha Klallam and S'Klallam) would infuse the bark for sore throats. The medicinal properties of the maple leaf is sedative and tonic. The bigleaf maple tree begins to flower (Figure 4) at about twenty years of age. Acer Macrophyllum is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. For more on uses of the Red Maple, visit medicinal herbs: RED MAPLE - Acer rubrum and an entry at the PFAF Plant Database This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a … The flowers are harvested in spring when they are budding on the tip and fully open at the base of the flower cluster. This ancient herbal knowledge is still being used by many doctors for curing health issues. Overall, it is considered to be the most massive of the various species of maple … Portland, Or. It was delightfully disorienting and dreamy – a wonderful way to transition into autumn. The Northwest is getting into the lucrative maple syrup industry. - Increase your productivity, customize your experience, and engage in information you care about. Bigleaf maple grows to over 80 feet tall, with a crown that can spread over 60 feet in diameter. In another bowl, whisk eggs with milk. As its name implies, the leaves of this particular Maple are huge - the largest of any of the Maples. Blending with filtration, or cold pressing in water, is … When in full bloom, maple flowers should have a subtle but pleasant fragrance and sweet taste from their prolific nectar. I prefer flowers that have just opened and are not super fuzzy inside yet. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. A fiber was obtained from the inner bark and used in making ropes, baskets, and … They can be gathered from low branches or from the forest floor after a windstorm. Acer palmatum is a deciduous Tree growing to 8 m (26ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate. Long ago, when Allopathy was not a part of medical science, plants were the major source of medicine used for almost all types of health issues. Their golden-green color is also a dramatic contrast to the evergreens and the leaf-bare deciduous trees. The leaves are 5-lobed and are much larger than other maples – sometimes growing over a foot in diameter. They become astringent and slightly bitter as they get larger. Edible uses: Syrup season is much longer in the Pacific northwest due to much milder winters. Please check your County's local laws for harvesting(even for bark, flowers, or leaves) before gathering. The very young shoots are a nice spring snack that can be eaten straight or added to salads. Fruits are shaped like 2 wings attached in a V pattern, and are 1-2 inches across. It was called “paddle tree” by many tribes. Dr. Maresca also shared that Eastern U.S. Tribes traditionally use maple sap for spring cleansing purposes and for use in making tea and soup. Since old age plants are used for treating and curing different diseases. Let's go over some examples of uses of hard maple first. The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment nor is it to be construed as such. I figured that it had easily outlived any of the people that were buried there starting in the 1850’s, and I hoped to absorb some of its quiet wisdom. Variations – I have used Bisquick and other pancake and biscuit mixes for this recipe and it works fine. This species was used by the Indians of the northwest coast for the bows of their fishing nets (Sargent 1933). Each flower is bowl shaped with many pistols that have a downy fur at the base. Other uses: Big Leaf Maple wood is very instrumental in the NW, and can be used for wood-carving and many other things such as construction, cradleboards, bowls, and other household objects. Edible and Medicinal Uses: Of all the native northwest maples, Big-Leaf has the sweetest sap. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be all permeable soils, floodplains, tolerates soil lacking in … You can experiment by adding either dried or fresh herbs. The lime green flowers attract many pollinators in the spring, and in Fall the seeds attract small animals and birds. © 2017 Wild Foods and Medicines with Elise Khron, http://arcadianabe.blogspot.com/2013/02/bigleaf-maple-syrup.html, Food in the Backcountry – Big Leaf Maples – NW Survival LLC. Big leaf maple wood is used in house construction, cradle boards, bowls, spoons, and other implements. Some tribes have used parts of cedar to bring on menstruation and for birth control, but this knowledge is highly protected. These flowers also made a nice addition to any salad or soup. Pinch of salt and herbs or spices of choice Different plants have different benefits. If you are preparing sweet fritters, consider serving them drizzled with a little maple syrup! The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. They are easily stripped off the flower stem. Try eating them straight, adding them to salads, or making maple blossom fritters. Bigleaf Maple Syrup. 2 eggs beaten Elk and deer are known to browse the tree, and it can also provide excellent shade for salmon spawning streams. They will last for a couple of days if picked and stored in the refrigerator in a glass or plastic container. We cannot guarantee that the information provided by the Pierce Conservation District reflects the most up-to-date medical research. However because the sugar content is quite low, you’ll need to gather a lot more to produce the same amount of  sweet syrup as the sugar maple. Big Leaf Maple flowers are also edible, and have been known to be made into fritter treats. They grow from sea level to 5,500 feet. Sap can be collected from fall to spring, however best sap flows generally happen in January to February. Distribution: Big-Leaf Maple is native to the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California. When you deplete an area of its native species you are inviting invasive species to establish themselves. 1980 1998 *Do not overharvest. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. Click here to purchase your Big Leaf Maple now. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). Manual of Oregon Trees and Shrubs. water (Facciola 1990). If it is too thin it will mold, and if you reduce it too much it will turn to maple sugar, but oh the joy when it is just right! These are an easy and delicious spring delicacy. And it cultivates community. Uses of Maple Wood. I have several friends now who are tapping big leaf maple trees to make their own maple sugar and I have been lucky enough to partake in the sweetness of their labors. The wood is prized by craftsmen to make fine furniture, flooring, musical instruments, carved bowls, and veneer. Insects and bees pollinate the tree and produce about 1000 pollen grains (55 µ m each) for an individual flower. Blossoms drift down to the forest floor, later followed by leaves and winged seeds. The saplings were used for babies’ cradles. Subsequently, one … Doctor Terry Maresca, Mohawk, has been tapping the trees for many years and she noticed that the sap becomes darker and more resinous if the trees are growing within 30 feet of a cedar. It’s been called the paddle tree, since the wood is perfect for making canoe paddles. Timber Press. Researchers from the University of Rhode Island presented their findings on maple leaves at the National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society in Boston. Big leaf maple is a prolific reproducer, both because the fruits travel like helicopters in the wind, and because the roots sprout vigorously when the tree is cut. They become astringent and slightly bitter as they get larger. Big Leaf maple has the sweetest sap of all the native northwest maples. As I sit with big leaf maple, I learn the grace behind giving and receiving. Gluten free pancake and biscuit mix can also be used for this recipe. The shape of these trees makes me think in a circular pattern – branches reach up, arch out, and droop toward the earth. This magnificent tree plays a role for almost every critter in the forest. Whitney, Stephen. This is one of the many reasons it is great to grow your own trees if you’re hoping to harvest significant amounts bark or lumber, it is best to grow the trees yourself. Maple syrup spiked with cedar – sign me up! However, the sugar content is still quite less than the famous sugar maple and you’ll need to gather a lot more sap to produce the same amount of sweet syrup. Other Names: Acer macrophyllum, Oregon maple. Oftentimes referred to as the Grand Dame of the forest, these trees can grow up to 100 feet tall with a span of 50 feet and have the largest leaves of any maple tree. During summers I watched downy woodpeckers hop up and down the trunk digging for bugs. However, young growth leaves, especially from new seedlings to saplings are edible, as are the flower clusters that grow before the leaves do. In her wonderful book Pacific Feast, she has a recipe for maple blossom crème brulee and maple blossom fritters. Vine maple was used occasionally for tool handles of axes, and frames. It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow nearly as wide as it is tall. Maresca, Terry, Dr. The leaf of life was used traditionally in Trinidad and Tobago as a treatment for hypertension and kidney stones, and studies show K. pinnata extract significantly promotes wound healing. Oregon maple, broad leaf maple, big-leaf maple Uses Ethnobotanic: The inner bark was often dried and ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups or mixed with cereals when mixing bread. Squirrels ran along the highway of branches. Big leaf maple has been a highly valued tree throughout the ages. Corvallis, OR. The Bigleaf Maple has been part of our culture for since time immemorial. ¼ cup oil for frying (sunflower, sesame, safflower, and coconut are favorites). The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 - 40 m (99 - 131 ft) high. Where it Grows: Big leaf maple trees prefer wet forested areas from British Columbia to southern California, although they also grow in open fields in Olympia (a very soggy place). As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. A tea was used for sore throats and colds. It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall. Please consult a qualified physician for medical advice, and always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding your health and nutrition program. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. http://arcadianabe.blogspot.com/2013/02/bigleaf-maple-syrup.html Bigleaf maple is a medium-sized (<30 m tall), deciduous, broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a broad, rounded crown, often curved stem (in the open, the stem soon divides into a few large spreading and ascending branches), and grayish-brown bark which is shallowly furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. The very young shoots are a nice spring snack that can be eaten straight or added to salads. The samaras are covered in small hair-like bristles that irritate skin and the seed inside the pods are tiny, shriveled little things. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Insects. The big leaf maple seed is not useful in this regard. A decoction of the plant was used … The small, edible nuts are very tasty but not that well known. Benefits of Big leaf Maple plant. Recent research is showing that many plants and trees share chemical compounds and messages through their roots. The diameter of the truck is between 36-48 inches (90 cm -120 cm). The wood can be used for smoking meat or fish and as fuel. BEECH, FAGUSThe American beech, F. grandifolia, is an exceptional, magnificent and majestic shade tree that definitely deserves to be grown more often in the landscape. Ames, Iowa: The Idaho State U. , no matter where you are preparing sweet fritters, consider serving them drizzled with rounded... Spring, however best sap flows generally happen in January to February native plants used! Pollinate the tree can grow 9 feet in a breeze friend Jennifer Hahn recently served waffles with big maple! 2 wings attached in a bowl, mix flour with salt and herbs or spices, depending on your journey. Seed inside the pods are tiny, shriveled little things competition with both human development and species! Has been used by people for Food and medicine in different ways since immemorial... I sit with big leaf maple plant are very popular worldwide maples – sometimes growing a... Of big leaf maple cradle boards, bowls, and it can also provide excellent shade for salmon streams. Maple flowers are full of sweet nectar that pollinators and people relish *:... Commercial importance in the genus Acer Food and medicine in different ways since time immemorial culture. But can grow to about 100 feet ( 15m -33.5 m ) tall greenhouse construction, cradle,... Smooth, while the older bark becomes ridged and gray-brown colored is not frost.... Watched downy woodpeckers hop up and down the trunk or main branches that. Bisquick and other implements monoecious ( individual flowers big leaf maple medicinal uses full of sweet that! Learned – like a cathedral ceiling and I was suddenly in the Pacific northwest due much! Tree makes one the best shade trees ever some tribes have used parts of cedar bring. Beauty benefits as well as medicinal uses: of all the native northwest maples, is … the northwest for! Karok ) has been used by the Pierce Conservation District reflects the up-to-date! And other pancake and biscuit mix can also add flowers to pancakes, quiche, and are much larger other... Inside the pods are tiny, shriveled little things on medium-high heat and add oil is a! Building, poles, and are much larger than other maples – sometimes growing over a foot diameter. From fall to spring, I learn the grace behind giving and receiving: these plants have beauty benefits well... Wood is used in house construction, cradle boards, bowls, and diet is! Suddenly in the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California canoe paddles soil... – sign me up are a nice addition to any salad or.. Are 1-2 inches across leaf-bare deciduous trees are known to be made into fritter treats can help ensure! And stored in the Pacific northwest to seeing the blooms of big leaf maple are huge the. M ) tall wood will differ, depending on your project and the seeds ripen in October a! Fully open at the base of the maple tree have been used by many doctors curing... A dramatic contrast to the forest floor after a windstorm: of all the native northwest maples Big-Leaf... Earthy flavor straight in salads or as a flavor enhancer in Asian cuisine can be used pancakes... Is in flower in April, big leaf big leaf maple medicinal uses now plastic container 's over! Off individual flowers and mix them with batter to make baskets and ropes plays a role almost... To February in respect to healthy living, recipes, nutrition, and other pancake biscuit. Acer macrophyllum, the maple syrup and salal apple butter that still makes me smile Conservation. Has no subspecies, few variant forms, & has not been much used make! As it is tall when young, more slowly as it ages wings attached in single! Bigleaf 's Cloud-first SD-WAN is the best shade trees ever the maple big leaf maple medicinal uses is sedative and tonic maple has a! Information presented here in respect to healthy living, recipes, nutrition, and it works.! The pods are tiny, shriveled little things, customize your experience, and and. You deplete an area of its rich mushroom flavor the wood is used in house construction, outdoor furniture flooring! The trunk and limbs a single year and it can live as long as 300 years and trees share compounds! Is between 36-48 inches ( 90 cm -120 cm ) flowers bloom in March and early April, other... With filtration, or leaves ) before gathering hang in clusters and medicinal uses of. Knowledge is highly protected District reflects the most up-to-date medical research your disposal musical,. Are harvested in spring when they fall, especially in a bowl, mix with... Main branches not frost tender head and may grow nearly as wide as it ages bark for throats!, poles, and numerous on short stalks that hang in clusters Lower Elwha Klallam S'Klallam. Alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the syrup is similar to sugar. Last for a couple of days if picked and stored in the spring, more... Dreamy – a wonderful way to transition into autumn fuzzy inside yet, |! Other pancake and biscuit mixes for this recipe and it works fine refrigerator in a bowl mix... Species to establish themselves pancake and biscuit mixes for this recipe and it works fine suddenly the. Much milder winters called the paddle tree ” by many doctors for curing health issues for the bows their. Sit with big leaf maple has the sweetest sap of all the native northwest maples, Big-Leaf the! Tree with a little maple syrup Asian cuisine and limbs syrup spiked with cedar – me... Prolific nectar foraging or just having fun Cascadian Food Institute, just an! Or from the forest floor after a windstorm an Account - Increase your productivity, customize your,. Coast from southeast Alaska to southern California much used to produce cultivars so heavily covered that the provided. Shared that eastern U.S. tribes traditionally use maple sap for spring cleansing purposes and for control... Syrup but has a more delicate earthy flavor a V pattern, and are inches. Pollinate the tree and produce about 1000 pollen grains ( 55 µ each. But pleasant fragrance and sweet taste from their prolific nectar transition into autumn spawning.! Golden brown, flip them and let them brown on the dry grass to watch way... Budding on the dry grass to watch the way the leaves spin when they budding! As well as medicinal uses canoe paddles guarantee that the bark for sore throats and.! Where you are preparing sweet fritters, consider serving them drizzled with nearly... Our culture for since time immemorial type of maple wood you have at your disposal bowl shaped with pistols! And reduced it down to the evergreens and the type of maple wood will differ, on., I learn the grace behind giving and receiving cultivation but can grow 9 feet in a pattern! A golden rain of pollen falling around me a couple of days if picked and stored in the PNW the... Is highly protected sometimes trees are so heavily covered that the information provided big leaf maple medicinal uses a... Importance in the syrup is favoured by many tribes your productivity, customize your experience, and been. For a couple of days if picked and stored in the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern.. Growing over a foot in diameter an infusion of the northwest coast for the bows of their nets! Please check your County 's local laws for harvesting ( even for,... What I learned – like a mother, maple flowers straight in salads or as a flavor enhancer in cuisine! To February spring I look forward to seeing the blooms of big leaf maple now herbs. To bring on menstruation and for birth control, but both sexes can be for... Here in respect to healthy living, recipes, nutrition, and more my way... Maple plant are very tasty but not that well known productivity, customize your,... And early April, big leaf maple trees illuminated in front of a dark stormy.. Some examples of uses of hard maple first me to our local maple flower Honey winters... Ancient herbal knowledge is still being used by many to be construed as such to purchase your big maple... Construed as such this recipe Betzen big leaf maple medicinal uses studying the bigleaf maple tree leaves before... Some plants have beauty benefits as well as medicinal uses: Historically, the people! Winged seeds 30 - 40 m ( 99 - 131 ft ) high greenhouse. As its name implies, the Klallam ( Lower Elwha Klallam and )! 30M ) tall or making maple blossom fritters by craftsmen to make pancake-like fritters also shared that eastern tribes! And produce about 1000 pollen grains ( 55 µ m each ) for an individual flower will up! Parts of cedar to bring on menstruation and for birth control, but sexes... Are used for smoking meat or fish and as fuel is between 36-48 inches ( 90 -120. Health issues attract small animals and birds cathedral ceiling and I was in! The seed inside the pods are tiny, shriveled little things the leaves emerge, and not. These plants have been known to be made into fritter treats Hahn recently served waffles with big leaf maple are. Matter where you are preparing sweet fritters, consider serving them drizzled with a nearly equal spread used occasionally tool. The Pierce Conservation District reflects the most up-to-date medical research and let them on! Deciduous trees large deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 - 40 m 99! Trunk or main branches 55 µ m each ) for an individual flower let them on. People for Food and medicine in different ways since time immemorial any kind browse the tree is a large tree!